Buxa National Park, situated in the subdivision of Alipurduar, Jalpaiguri district, was set up in the year of 1982-83 at the north eastern corner of West Bengal bordered by Bhutan and Assam on two sides was declared a National Park in January 1992. The name "Buxa Tiger" has been derived from Buxa Fort - a fort at an altitude of 867 meters on the Sinchula Range guarding the most important of the eleven routes into Bhutan, which was once used for detainees during the freedom movement of India.

Buxa Tiger Reserve continues into Bhutan as the Phipsu Wildlife Sanctuary. Manas Tiger Reserve lies to the east of Buxa Tiger Reserve. Buxa Tiger Reserve thus, serves as international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan.